PERILS OF DENTIST PRACTICE INFECTIONS
There are about 10,000 Dental practices in the UK with the General Dental Council (GDC) having about 156,000 registered Dentists. According to NHS Dental Statistics, 36 million courses of dental treatments were carried out in 2007-2008. There are hundreds of harmful micro-organisms that are passed through blood or saliva, both of which are present in dentistry. The use of headpieces, water and ultrasonic instruments, blood and saliva are transmitted easily. Most dental procedures will involve contact of the dentists and dental nurse with patient blood and saliva. As a result of this, the cleanliness and hygiene quality in a dental practice, has to be maintained to certain standards as directed by the NHS.
FUNGI AND VIRUSES INFECTIONS
Proper infection control ensures patient, doctor and staff safety. The infections relevant to dental practices include the following:
Candida albicans -involved in oral thrush and denture stomatitis.
Hepaitis A, B, C -blood borne infection that lead to liver diseases.
Herpes Simplex type 1- involved in cold sores
Human Immunodeficiency Virus- blood /saliv legionella preventie a borne infection can lead to AIDS
1. Streptococcus mutans-involved in dental carries found on surfaces
2. Staphylococci- causes gingival and skin boils found on surfaces
3. Porphyromonas gingivalis- causes periodontal disease found on surfaces
4. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis- airborne infection
5. Legionella pneumophilia- airborne droplet infection found in air vents
OTHER DENTAL PRACTICE INFECTIONS:
Amoebiasis, Cryptosporidiosis, Cylocsporiasis, Giardiasis- water borne gastrointestinal infections